By: Zalikha Razali
Pink ribbon month! Yes! Pink ribbon is an international symbol of breast cancer awareness. During this month, we can see many promoter wear pink and promote things that relate with breast cancer because to express and give moral support for women with breast cancer. Breast cancer usually start in the ducts or lobules of the breast. Cells lining the ducts or lobules can grow out of control and develop into cancer. Lobular carcinoma is a breast cancer that begin in the while ductal carcinoma is for the breast cancer that start from the ducts. Breast cancer is commonly in women but men can get it too.
Types of breast cancer:
1. Non-invasive breast cancer
Known as cancer or carcinoma. It is found in the ducts of the breast and has not broken out to outside of the breast. It is still inside its original place. This type of breast cancer is also called “pre-cancerous” because they sometimes can eventually develop to invasive breast cancer.
2. Invasive breast cancer
Invasive cancer has the ability to spread outside of the breast. The abnormal cells can spread to the lymph nodes, and metastasize to other organs such as the bones, liver or lungs. The bloodstream or the lymphatic systems is the ways for the cancer cells to travel to the other parts of the body.
Thickened tissue in the woman’s breast, or a lump is usually the first symptoms of breast cancer. The lumps may not be cancerous but women should see the doctor check the status.
According to the NHS, UK, women who detect any of the following signs or symptoms, please see the doctor immediately.
- Change in the size or shape of one or both breast
- Discharged from nipples (clear or bloody fluid)
- A pain, lump or swelling in the armpits or breast (that does not seem to be related to menstrual period)
- Dimpling or redness of the skin of the breast (like the skin of an orange)
- A rash around (or on) one of the nipples
- An area of thickened tissue in a breast
- The nipple changes in appearance (may become sunken or inverted)
- Change in skin color or texture and the nipple skin or skin of the breast may have started to peel, scale or flake.
What are the causes of breast cancer?
- Age – Women age 50 years and above (especially after menopause) have the higher risk of developing breast cancer.
- Genetics- Women who have close relative that has or had breast or ovarian cancer have the higher chance to get breast cancer.
- Being overweight or obese- Experts say that obese menopausal women may have a higher risk of developing cancer because there are higher levels of estrogen in them.
- Estrogen exposure – Women who begins period earlier or entered later menopause have been exposed to estrogen for a long time which will have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Estrogen exposure begins when periods start, and drops dramatically during the menopause.
- Radiation- X-rays or CT scans in medical procedures that use radiation may slightly increase the risk of developing breast cancer.
- Breast density- Other breast tissue have less concentration of breast cells than glandular tissues which contain higher concentration of breast cells. More cells can become cancerous if a women have dense breast tissue which why they may have a higher risk of breast cancer.
- History of breast cancer- Compared to women who have no history of the breast cancer, women who previously had breast cancer or non-invasive cancer are more likely to get a breast cancer
- Previous benign breast lump- Women who previously have had benign (non-cancerous) breast lump have higher risk to develop cancer later on.
On this pink ribbon campaign, we would like to encourage all of you to express moral support for women with breast cancer, not to lose their faith and remember that all of us are with them and remember that God is always with them.
Thank you 😆